What Is Web Standards

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Web standards are a set of guidelines and technologies that are widely adopted and used in the development of web pages and applications. These standards are established by organizations such as the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG) to ensure that web pages are properly structured, accessible, and work consistently across different web browsers and devices.

Some examples of web standards include:

  • HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) for creating the structure of web pages.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) for specifying the visual presentation of web pages.
  • JavaScript for providing interactive functionality and dynamic behavior on web pages.
  • WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines) for making web content accessible to people with disabilities.
  • HTTPS (HTTP Secure) for securing website and web application connections.

Adhering to web standards can help ensure that web pages are compatible with multiple browsers and devices, accessible to a wide range of users, and sustainable in the long-term.

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